Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater /Material type: TextPublication details: Washington, DC : American Public Health Association, 2017. Edition: 23 edDescription: [xli p.], [1400 p.] : il; fotografías : 29 cmISBN: 9780875532875Subject(s): Agua - Análisis | Calidad del agua - Control | Agua - Composición | Agua - Purificación - Tratamiento biológico | Contaminación del agua | Bacteriología del aguaDDC classification: 628.16
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Part 1000. Introduction. Quality assurance. Data quality. Method development and evaluation. Expression of results. Collection and preservation of samples. Reagent water. Laboratory occupational health and safety. Waste minimization and disposal.
Part 2000. Physical & aggregate properties. Introduction. Quality assurance/quality control. Appearance. Color. Turbidity. Odor. Taste. Flavor profile analysis. Acidity. Alkalinity. Calcium carbonate saturation. Hardness. Oxidant demand/requirement. Conductivity. Salinity. Floatables. solids. Temperature. Particle counting and size distribution. Asbestos. Oxidation-reduction potential (orp). Tests on sludges. Anaerobic sludge digester gas analysis. Disolved gas supersaturation.
Part 3000. Metals. Introduction. Quality assurance/quality control. Preliminary treatment of samples. Metals by atomic absorption. Metals by flame atomic absorption. Metals by cold-vapor atomic absorption spectrometry. Metals by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. Arsenic and selenium by hydride generation/atomic absorption spectrometry. Metals by plasma emission spectroscopy. Metals by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Metals by anodic stripping voltammetry.
Al - Aluminum. As - Arsenic. Ca - Calcium. Cr - Chromium. Cu - Copper. Fe - Iron. Pb – Lead. Li – Lithium. Mg – Magnesium. Mn – Manganese. K – Potassium. Se – Selenium. Na – Sodium. Sr – Strontium. V – Vanadium. Zn – Zinc. Other metals. Sb – Antimony. Ba – Barium. Be – Beryllium. Bi - Bismuth. B – Boron. Cd – Cadmium. Cs – Cesium. Co – Cobalt. Ga – Gallium. Ge – Germanium. Au – Gold. In – Indium. Ir – Iridium. Hg – Mercury. Mo - Molybdenum. Ni – Nickel. Os – Osmium. Pd – Palladium. Pt – Platinum. Re – Rhenium. Rh – Rhodium. Ru – Ruthenium. Ag – Silver. Te – Tellurium. Tl – Thallium. Th – Thorium. Sn - Tin. Ti – Titanium. U – Uranium.
Part 4000. Inorganic nonmetallic constituents. Introduction. Quality assurance/quality control. Determination of anions by ion chromatography. Segmented continuous flow analysis. Inorganic nonmetals by flow injection analysis. Inorganic anions by capillary ion electrophoresis. B - Boron. Br – Bromide. Co2 - Carbon dioxide. Cn – Cyanide. Cl - Chlorine (residual). Cl- – Chloride. Clo2 - Chlorine dioxide. F – Fluoride. H+ - Ph Value. I – Iodide. Io3 – Iodate. N – Nitrogen. Nh3 - Nitrogen (ammonia). No2 - Nitrogen (nitrate). Norg – Nitrogen (organic). O - Oxygen (dissolved). O3 - Ozone (residual). P – Phosphorus. Kmno4 - Potassium permanganate. Sio2 – Silica. S2 – Sulfide. So32 – Sulfite. So42 - Sulfate.
Part 5000. Aggregate organic constituents. Introduction. Quality assurance/quality control. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD). Chemical oxygen demand (COD). Total organic carbon (TOC). Dissolved organic halogen. Quatic humic substances. Oil and grease. Phenols. Surfactants. Tannin and lignin. Organic and volatile acids. Formation of trihalomethanes and other disinfection byproducts. UV-absorbing organic constituents.
Part 6000. Individual organic compounds. Introduction. Quality assurance/quality control. Constituent concentration by gas extraction. Volatile organic compounds. Methane. 1,2 -Dibromoethane (EDB) and 1.2 - Dibromo-3-Chloropropane (DBCP). Trihalomethanes and chlorinated organic solvents. Disinfection byproducts: haloacetic acids and trichlorophenol. Disinfection byproducts: aldehydes (proposed). Extractable base/neutrals and acids. Phenols. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Nitrosamines. Carbamate pesticides. Organochlorine pesticides. Acidic herbicide compounds. Glyphosate herbicide. Tributyl tin. Pharmaceuticals and personal care products.
Part 7000. Radioactivity. Introduction. Quality system. Counting instruments. Facilities. Gross alpha and gross beta radioactivity (total, suspended, and dissolved). Gamma-emitting radionuclides. Cs – Radioactive cesium. I - Radioactive iodine. Ra – Radium. Rn – Radon. Sr - Total radioactive strontium and strontium. 3h – Tritium. U – Uranium.
Part 8000. Toxicity. Introduction. Quality assurance and quality control in laboratory toxicity tests. Mutagenesis. Bacterial bioluminescence. P450 Reporter gene response to dioxin-like organic compounds. Comet/single-cell gel electrophoresis assay for detection of DNA damage. Sediment porewater testing. Algae. Biostimulatton (algal producttvity). Phytoplankton. Marine macroalgae. Aquatic flowering plants. Duckweed. Aquatic emergent plants. Ciliated protozoa. Rotifers. Annelids. Mollusks. Arthropods. Daphnia. Ceriodaphnia. Mysids. Decapods. Aquatic insects. Echinoderm fertilization and development. Fish. Fathead minnow. Amphibians (proposed).
Part 9000. Microbiological examination. Introduction. Quality assurance/quality control. Laboratory apparatus. Washing and sterilization. Preparation of culture media. Samples. Rapid detection methods. Stressed microorganisms. Recreational waters. Heterotrophic plate count. Direct total microbial count. Assimilable organic carbon. Aerobic endospores. Multiple-tube fermentation technique for members of the coliform group. Membrane filter technique for members of the coliform group. Enzyme substrate coliform test. Detection of coliphages. Differentiation of coliform bacteria. Fecal enterococcus/streptococcus groups. Iron and sulfur bacteria. Nitrifying bacteria. Detection of actinomycetes. Detection of pathogenic bacteria. Detection of enteric viruses. Detection of fungi. Pathogenic protozoa.
Part 10000. Biological examination. Introduction. Plankton. Periphyton. Macrophytes. Benthic macroinvertebrates. Fishes. Benthic meiofauna. Nematological examination. Identification of aquatic organisms.
"With approximately 80 methods revised and 3 new methods added, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater(TM), 23 rd edition provides the most up-to-date, comprehensive resource for measuring the biological, chemical, and physical attributes of waters and offers guidance for choosing among available methods for specific elements and compounds. Analysts, researchers, and regulators have relied on this peer-reviewed publication since 1905, and it remains a trusted source of accurate, proven methodology for analyzing natural waters, water supplies, and wastewaters. Published by the American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, And Water Environment Federation"